Complementary References



- Swales, D.J., Pincus, R. and Bodas-Salcedo, A., 2018: "The Cloud Feedback Model Intercomparison Project Observational Simulator Package: Version 2", Geoscientific Model Development, 11(1), pp.77-81,,

- Bodas-Salcedo, A., Webb, M.J., Bony, S., Chepfer, H., Dufresne, J.L., Klein, S.A., Zhang, Y., Marchand, R., Haynes, J.M., Pincus, R. and John, V.O., 2011: "COSP: Satellite simulation software for model assessment.", Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92(8), pp.1023-1043,,


ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimates:

- Xie S., R.B. McCoy, S.A. Klein, R.T. Cederwall, W.J. Wiscombe, E.E. Clothiaux, K.L. Gaustad, J.C. Golaz, S.D. Hall, M.P. Jensen, K.L. Johnson, Y. Lin, C.N. Long, J.H. Mather, R.A. McCord, S.A. McFarlane, G. Palanisamy, Y. Shi, and D.D. Turner, 2010: Clouds and more: ARM Climate Modeling Best Estimate Data. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91, 13–20.DOI: 10.1175/2009BAMS2891.1.


GCM Oriented Calipso Cloud Product:

- T. Vaillant de Guélis, H. Chepfer, V. Noel, R. Guzman, P. Dubuisson, D.M. Winker and S. Kato, 2017a: "The link between outgoing longwave radiation and the altitude at which a spaceborne lidar beam is fully attenuated", Atmos. Meas. Tech., 10, 4659-4685, doi:10.5194/amt-10-4659-2017,

- R. Guzman, H. Chepfer, V. Noel, T. Vaillant de Guélis, J.E. Kay, P. Raberanto, G. Cesana, M.A. Vaughan, and D.M. Winker, 2017: "Direct atmosphere opacity observations from CALIPSO provide new constraints on cloud-radiation interactions", J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122, 1066-1085, doi:10.1002/2016JD025946,

- G. Cesana, H. Chepfer, D. Winker, B. Getzewich, X. Cai, O. Jourdan, G. Mioche, H. Okamoto, Y. Hagihara, V. Noel, and M. Reverdy, 2016: "Using in situ airborne measurements to evaluate three cloud phase products derived from CALIPSO", J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 5788-5808, doi:10.1002/2015JD024334,

- G. Cesana and H. Chepfer, 2013: "Evaluation of the cloud thermodynamic phase in a climate model using CALIPSO-GOCCP", J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 7922-7937, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50376,

- H. Chepfer, G. Cesana, D. Winker, B. Getzewich, M. Vaughan, and Z. Liu, 2013: "Comparison of two different cloud climatologies derived from CALIOP-attenuated backscattered measurements (Level 1): The CALIPSO-ST and the CALIPSO-GOCCP", J. Atmos. Oce. Tech., 30.4, 725-744, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00057.1, [PDF]

- G. Cesana and H. Chepfer, 2012: "How well do climate models simulate cloud vertical structure? A comparison between CALIPSO-GOCCP satellite observations and CMIP5 models", Geophys. Res. Let., 39.20, doi:10.1029/2012GL053153,

- H. Chepfer, S.Bony, D. M. Winker, G. Cesana, JL. Dufresne, P. Minnis, C.J. Stubenrauch, S. Zeng, 2010: "The GCM Oriented CALIPSO Cloud Product (CALIPSO-GOCCP)", J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00H16, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012251, [PDF]

- H. Chepfer, S. Bony, D. M. Winker, M. Chiriaco, J.-L. Dufresne, and G. Seze, 2008: "Use of CALIPSO lidar observations to evaluate the cloudiness simulated by a climate model", Geophys. Res. Lett., vol. 35, L15704, doi: 10.1029/2008GL034207, [PDF]



- N.G. Loeb, B.A. Wielicki, D.R. Doelling, G.L. Smith, D.F. Keyes, S. Kato, N. Manalo-Smith, and T. Wong, 2009: "Towards Optimal Closure of the Earth’s Top-of-Atmosphere Radiation Budget", Journal of Climate, Vol 22, Issue 3, pp. 748–766, DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2637.1,


CloudSat Reflectivity Product:

- Zhang , Y., S. A. Klein, J. Boyle, and G. G. Mace, 2010: "Evaluation of tropical cloud and precipitation statistics of Community Atmosphere Model version 3 using CloudSat and CALIPSO data", J. Geophys. Res., 115, D12205, doi:10.1029/2009JD012006,

- Marchand, R. T., J. Haynes, G.G. Mace, T.Ackerman, G.Stephens, 2009: "A comparison of simulated cloud radar output from the multiscalemodeling framework global climate model with CloudSat cloud radar observations", J. Geophys. Res., 114, D00A20, doi:10.1029/2008JD009790,

- Marchand, R. T., G. G. Mace, and T. P. Ackerman, 2008: "Hydrometeor detection using CloudSat-an earth orbiting 94 GHz cloud radar", J. Atmos. Oceanic. Technol., 25, 519-533, doi: 10.1175/2007JTECHA1006.1,

- Mace, G.G., Zhang, Q., Vaughan, M., Marchand, R., Stephens, G., Trepte, C. and Winker, D., 2009: "A description of hydrometeor layer occurrence statistics derived from the first year of merged CloudSat and CALIPSO data", J. Geophys. Res., 114(D8),


GCM simulator-oriented ISCCP cloud product:

- Rossow, W.B., and Schiffer, R.A., 1999: Advances in Understanding Clouds from ISCCP. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 80. [PDF], 27 pp.

- Rossow, W.B., A.W. Walker, D.E. Beuschel, and M.D. Roiter, 1996: International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) Documentation of New Cloud Datasets*. WMO/TD-No. 737, World Meteorological Organization, 115 pp.



- Marchand, R., T. Ackerman, M. Smyth, and W. B. Rossow (2010), A review of cloud top height and optical depth histograms from MISR, ISCCP, and MODIS, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D16206, doi:10.1029/2009JD013422.

- Marchand, R. T., T. P. Ackerman, and C. Moroney (2007) An assessment of Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) stereo-derived cloud top heights and cloud top winds using ground-based radar, lidar, and microwave radiometers, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D06204, doi:10.1029/2006JD007091.

- Marchand, R. T., T. P. Ackerman, M. D. King, C. Moroney, R. Davies, J. P. Muller, and H. Gerber 2001: Multiangle observations of Arctic clouds from FIRE ACE: June 3, 1998, case study. J. Geophys. Res., 106 (D14), 15,201.

- McFarlane, S. A., and R. T. Marchand (2008), Analysis of ice crystal habits derived from MISR and MODIS observations over the ARM Southern Great Plains site, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D07209, doi:10.1029/2007JD009191.

- Naud, C. M. J.-P. Muller, E. E. Clothiaux, B. A. Baum, and W. P. Menzel 2005: Intercomparison of multiple years of MODIS, MISR and radar cloud-top heights. Annales Geophysicae, 23, p. 1–10, SRef-ID: 1432-0576/ag/2005-23-1

- Naud, C., J. Muller, M. Haeffelin, Y. Morille, and A. Delaval 2004: Assessment of MISR and MODIS cloud top heights through inter-comparison with a back-scattering lidar at SIRTA, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L04114, doi:10.1029/2003GL018976.

- Naud, C., J-P. Muller, and E.E. Clothiaux 2002: Comparison of cloud top heights derived from MISR stereo and MODIS CO2-slicing, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, (10),1029/2002 GL015460.

- Seiz, G., Davies, R., and Gruen, A., 2005: Stereo cloud top height retrieval with ASTER and MISR. International Journal of Remote Sensing

- Varnai, T., and A. Marshak (2007), View angle dependence of cloud optical thicknesses retrieved by Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), J. Geophys. Res., 112, D06203, doi:10.1029/2005JD006912.

- Zhao, G., and L. Di Girolamo (2004), A cloud fraction versus view angle technique for automatic in-scene evaluation of the MISR cloud mask, J. Appl. Meteorol., 43, 860 – 869.

- Zhao, G., and L. Di Girolamo (2006), Cloud fraction errors for trade wind cumuli from EOS-Terra instruments, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L20802, doi:10.1029/2006GL027088



- Pincus, R., Platnick, S., Ackerman, S.A., Hemler, R.S. and Patrick Hofmann, R.J., 2012: Reconciling simulated and observed views of clouds: MODIS, ISCCP, and the limits of instrument simulators. Journal of Climate, 25(13), pp.4699-4720. Available from


- Konsta D., H. Chepfer, J.-L Dufresne, 2012: A process oriented description of tropical oceanic clouds for climate model evaluation, based on a statistical analysis of daytime A-train high spatial resolution observations, Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1533-7.



- Konsta D., H. Chepfer, J.-L Dufresne, 2012: "A process oriented description of tropical oceanic clouds for climate model evaluation, based on a statistical analysis of daytime A-train high spatial resolution observations", Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1533-7.