Dataset Title R/V Polarstern 2010 expedition: Sea surface measurements
Dataset Purpose The Polarstern was specially designed for working in the polar seas and is currently one of the most sophisticated polar research vessels in the world. The ship is equipped for biological, geological, geophysical, glaciological, chemical, oceanographic and meteorological research, and contains nine research laboratories. Additional laboratory containers may be stowed on and below deck. Refrigerated rooms and aquaria permit the transport of samples and living marine fauna.
Dataset Abstract During the Polarstern expeditions in the Arctic Ocean two types of measurements were carried out: the first one is done while the vessel is moving; producing horizontal variability of the parameters measured (up to 6 m deep); the second one is carried out by deploying CTD and producing vertical profiles from 0 to 100 m
Acquisition Methodology Samples were collected during a seven-week-long cruise (ARK XXV1+2, 10 June–29 July 2010) on the R/V Polarstern from Bremerhaven, Germany, to Reykjavik, Iceland, through Longyearbyen (Greenland) and Svalbard. This cruise covered a wide range of environments from populated/coastal areas (North Sea) to remote marine areas and from temperate areas to the high Arctic.
Quality The quality of each measurements is detailed in the instrument description.
Dataset DOI
Access Constraints Data is available by contacting the Scientific coordinator
Use Constraints The data should be cited and the Scientific coordinators acknowledged
Keywords Sea surface, R/V polarstern, ships, arctic ocean, chemical composition
Status Complete
Temporal Coverage
Start Date 2010-06-10
Stop Date 2010-07-29
Project 0
Project short Name Egide (Procope) program
Project long Name
URL http://paris.daad.de/procope.html
Description This program is common to the German and French Ministries of Foreign Affairs.
URL Type VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Contact 0
Role Investigator
Full Name Bonsag Bernard
Email Bernard.Bonsang@lsce.ipsl.fr
Phone +33(0)169087888
Fax  +33(0)16907716
Organism short Name LSCE
Organism long Name Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement
URL http://www.lsce.ipsl.fr/index.php
Description
URL Type VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Address (Line1) Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, CNRS/CEA/UVSQ
Address (Line2) CE Saclay, Orme des Merisiers, Bat. 702
City Gif-sur-Yvette cédex
Postal Code 91191
Country France
Contact 1
Role Investigator
Full Name Gros Valérie
Email Valerie.Gros@lsce.ipsl.fr
Phone +33(0)169087967
Fax +33(0)169087716
Organism short Name LSCE
Organism long Name Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement
URL http://www.lsce.ipsl.fr/index.php
Description
URL Type VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Address (Line1) Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, CNRS/CEA/UVSQ
Address (Line2) CE Saclay, Orme des Merisiers, Bat. 702
City Gif-sur-Yvette cédex
Postal Code 91191
Country France
Parameter 0
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEANS CHEMISTRY/CARBON MONOXIDE
Parameter Carbon monoxide (ocean) (CO: mol_concentration_of_CO_sea_water)
Units nanomoles per liter (nmol/l)
Parameter 1
Category EARTH SCIENCE/ATMOSPHERE/WATER VAPOUR/HUMIDITY
Parameter Humidity
Units percent (%: 0.01)
Min/Max Values 0 / 100
Parameter 2
Category EARTH SCIENCE/ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE/SURFACE PRESSURE
Parameter Surface air pressure
Units hectoPascales (hPa)
Parameter 3
Category EARTH SCIENCE/ATMOSPHERE/CLOUDS
Parameter Cloud height (height_at_cloud_top)
Units feet (ft: 1 ft = 0.3048 m)
Min/Max Values 0 / 12000
Parameter 4
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEANS TEMPERATURE
Parameter Sea Surface Temperature (sst: sea_surface_temperature)
Units degree_Celsius (°C: K @ 273.15)
Parameter 5
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEAN CHEMISTRY/ORGANIC MATTER
Parameter Cromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM)
Units arbitrary_unit
Parameter 6
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEAN CHEMISTRY/CARBON MONOXIDE
Parameter sea-air flux of CO
Units micromoles per squared meter per day (µm/m2 d)
Parameter 7
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEANS/OCEAN CHEMISTRY
Parameter Sea-air flux of propene
Units micromoles per squared meter per day (µm/m2 d)
Parameter 8
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEANS/OCEAN CHEMISTRY
Parameter Sea-air flux of i-butene
Units micromoles per squared meter per day (µm/m2 d)
Parameter 9
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEANS/OCEAN CHEMISTRY
Parameter Sea-air flux of 1-butene
Units micromoles per squared meter per day (µm/m2 d)
Parameter 10
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEANS/OCEAN CHEMISTRY
Parameter Sea-air flux of isoprene
Units micromoles per squared meter per day (µm/m2 d)
Parameter 11
Category EARTH SCIENCE/ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE/AIR TEMPERATURE
Parameter Atmospheric temperature (T)
Units kelvin (K)
Parameter 12
Category EARTH SCIENCE/ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION/SOLAR RADIATION
Parameter Global solar radiation
Units watts per squared meter (W/m2)
Parameter 13
Category EARTH SCIENCE/ATMOSPHERIC WIND/WIND PROFILES
Parameter Wind speed
Units meters per second (m/s)
Parameter 14
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEAN CHEMISTRY/NON-METHANE HYDROCARBONS
Parameter Ethene ( C2H4: mol_concentration_of_ethene_in_sea_water)
Units picomoles per liter (pmol/l)
Parameter 15
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEAN CHEMISTRY/NON-METHANE HYDROCARBONS
Parameter Propene (C3H6: mol_concentration_of_propene_in_sea_water)
Units picomoles per liter (pmol/l)
Parameter 16
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEAN CHEMISTRY/NON-METHANE HYDROCARBONS
Parameter 1-butene (C4H8: mol_concentration_of_1-butene_in_sea_water)
Units picomoles per liter (pmol/l)
Parameter 17
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEAN CHEMISTRY/NON-METHANE HYDROCARBONS
Parameter Isobutene (C4H8: mol_concentration_of_isobutene_in_sea_water)
Units picomoles per liter (pmol/l)
Parameter 18
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEAN CHEMISTRY/NON-METHANE HYDROCARBONS
Parameter 1-pentene (C5H10: mol_concentration_of_1-pentene_in_sea_water)
Units picomoles per liter (pmol/l)
Parameter 19
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEAN CHEMISTRY/NON-METHANE HYDROCARBONS
Parameter Isoprene (C5H8: mol_concentration_of_isoprene_in_sea_water)
Units picomoles per liter (pmol/l)
Parameter 20
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEAN CHEMISTRY/NON-METHANE HYDROCARBONS
Parameter Propane (C3H8: mol_concentration_of_propane_in_sea_water)
Units picomoles per liter (pmol/l)
Parameter 21
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEAN CHEMISTRY/NON-METHANE HYDROCARBONS
Parameter n-butane (C4H10 : mol_concentration_of_n-butane_in_sea_water)
Units picomoles per liter (pmol/l)
Parameter 22
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEAN CHEMISTRY/NON-METHANE HYDROCARBONS
Parameter n-pentane (mol_concentration_of_ n-pentane_in_sea_water)
Units picomoles per liter (pmol/l)
Parameter 23
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEANS/OCEAN CHEMISTRY
Parameter Chlorophyll (chl : concentration_of_chlorophyll_in_sea_water)
Units nanograms per liter (ng/l)
Parameter 24
Category EARTH SCIENCE/OCEANS/SALINITY
Parameter Sea Surface Salinity (SSS: sea_surface_salinity)
Units practical_salinity_unit (psu: 1 g of salt (Na+Cl-) / kg)
Datacenter short Name
Datacenter long Name
Address (Line1)
Address (Line2)
City
Postal Code
Country
URL
Description
URL Type
Reference 0
Reference Title A survey of carbon monoxide and non-methane hydrocarbons in the Arctic Ocean during summer 2010: assessment of the role of phytoplankton
Authors TranS. ,B. Bonsang, V. Gros,I. Peeken, R. Sarda-Esteve, A. Bernhardt and S. Belviso
Publication Date 2011-04-18
Series
Edition
Volume 9
Issue
Report_number
Publication Place
Publisher Biogeosciences Discussions
Pages 4727-4792
ISBN
DOI 10.5194/bgd-9-4727-2012
Other reference details
URL
Description
URL Type
Multimedia R/V Polarstern: a survey of CO and non-methane hydrocarbons in the Arctic ocean
Caption R/V Polarstern: a survey of CO and non-methane hydrocarbons in the Arctic ocean
Description Map of the cruise track of the R/V Polarstern ARK XXV 1+2 [Left panel]. The cruise began on 10 June 2010 in Bremerhaven (Germany) and ended on 29 July 2010 in Reykjavik (Iceland). The purple and yellow dots displayed in the magnified area show the position of stations of special interest. [Right panel] Distribution of CO (a), propene (b) and CDOM (c) concentrations in surface waters (at 6 m deep) throughout the study area (Source Tran, et al. 2013).
Distribution Format
Media
Size
Fees
Data Resolution
Latitude Resolution
Longitude Resolution
Horizontal Resolution Range
Vertical Resolution
Vertical Resolution Range
Temporal Resolution
Temporal Resolution Range
Instrument 0
Site Name
Location OCEAN
Detailed Location North Atlantic Ocean (From the North sea to the Norwegian sea)
Site Longitude
Site Latitude
Site Altitude
Site Depth
Platform short Name R/V POLARSTERN
Platform long Name
Instrument short Name GC-PID analyser
Instrument long Name Gas chromatography with a photoionization detector
Instrument Longitude
Instrument Latitude
Network Lons/Lats (Format : lon0 lat0, Lon1 Lat1, ...)
Instrument Altitude
Instrument Depth
Instrument Description The NMHC (non-methane hydrocarbons) measurements were calibrated twice a day using a NMHC standard provided by the National Physical Laboratory (NPL, Teddington, Middlesex, UK).
Instrument 1
Site Name
Location OCEAN
Detailed Location North Atlantic Ocean (From the North sea to the Norwegian sea)
Site Longitude
Site Latitude
Site Altitude
Site Depth
Platform short Name R/V POLARSTERN
Platform long Name
Instrument short Name CTD
Instrument long Name Conductivity, Temperature, Depth
Instrument Longitude
Instrument Latitude
Network Lons/Lats (Format : lon0 lat0, Lon1 Lat1, ...)
Instrument Altitude
Instrument Depth
Instrument Description Sea water characteristics were obtained from the Data Acquisition and Management System for Marine Research (http://www.pange.de/PHP/CruiseReports.php?b=Polarstern)
Instrument 2
Site Name
Location OCEAN
Detailed Location North Atlantic Ocean (From the North sea to the Norwegian sea)
Site Longitude
Site Latitude
Site Altitude
Site Depth
Platform short Name R/V POLARSTERN
Platform long Name
Instrument short Name LD-WHX05
Instrument long Name  cloud ceilometer LD-WHX05
Instrument Longitude
Instrument Latitude
Network Lons/Lats (Format : lon0 lat0, Lon1 Lat1, ...)
Instrument Altitude
Instrument Depth
Instrument Description
Instrument 3
Site Name
Location OCEAN
Detailed Location North Atlantic Ocean (From the North sea to the Norwegian sea)
Site Longitude
Site Latitude
Site Altitude
Site Depth
Platform short Name R/V POLARSTERN
Platform long Name
Instrument short Name
Instrument long Name Dew point sensor
Instrument Longitude
Instrument Latitude
Network Lons/Lats (Format : lon0 lat0, Lon1 Lat1, ...)
Instrument Altitude
Instrument Depth
Instrument Description
Instrument 4
Site Name
Location OCEAN
Detailed Location North Atlantic Ocean (From the North sea to the Norwegian sea)
Site Longitude
Site Latitude
Site Altitude
Site Depth
Platform short Name R/V POLARSTERN
Platform long Name
Instrument short Name
Instrument long Name Hair hygrometer
Instrument Longitude
Instrument Latitude
Network Lons/Lats (Format : lon0 lat0, Lon1 Lat1, ...)
Instrument Altitude
Instrument Depth
Instrument Description
Instrument 5
Site Name
Location OCEAN
Detailed Location North Atlantic Ocean (From the North sea to the Norwegian sea)
Site Longitude
Site Latitude
Site Altitude
Site Depth
Platform short Name R/V POLARSTERN
Platform long Name
Instrument short Name
Instrument long Name Artificially ventilated pyanometer
Instrument Longitude
Instrument Latitude
Network Lons/Lats (Format : lon0 lat0, Lon1 Lat1, ...)
Instrument Altitude
Instrument Depth
Instrument Description
Instrument 6
Site Name
Location OCEAN
Detailed Location North Atlantic Ocean (From the North sea to the Norwegian sea)
Site Longitude
Site Latitude
Site Altitude
Site Depth
Platform short Name R/V POLARSTERN
Platform long Name
Instrument short Name AWS
Instrument long Name Automated Weather System
Instrument Longitude
Instrument Latitude
Network Lons/Lats (Format : lon0 lat0, Lon1 Lat1, ...)
Instrument Altitude
Instrument Depth
Instrument Description Standard meteorological information as obtained from the ship's weather station (http://www.awi.de/de/infrastuktur/schiffe/polarsten/bordwetterwarte/continuous_measurements/sensor_information/)
Instrument 7
Site Name
Location OCEAN
Detailed Location North Atlantic Ocean (From the North sea to the Norwegian sea)
Site Longitude
Site Latitude
Site Altitude
Site Depth
Platform short Name R/V POLARSTERN
Platform long Name
Instrument short Name Niskin Sampling Bottles
Instrument long Name
Instrument Longitude
Instrument Latitude
Network Lons/Lats (Format : lon0 lat0, Lon1 Lat1, ...)
Instrument Altitude
Instrument Depth
Instrument Description The phytoplankton taxonomy was assessed using marker pigments. The taxonomic structure of the phytoplankton communities was derived from photosynthetic pigment rations using CHEMTAX® program, and the phytoplankton group composition is expressed in chlorophyll a concentrations
Instrument 8
Site Name
Location OCEAN
Detailed Location North Atlantic Ocean (From the North sea to the Norwegian sea)
Site Longitude
Site Latitude
Site Altitude
Site Depth
Platform short Name R/V POLARSTERN
Platform long Name
Instrument short Name RGD2 analyser
Instrument long Name Gas chromatography with a hot mercuric-oxide detector
Instrument Longitude
Instrument Latitude
Network Lons/Lats (Format : lon0 lat0, Lon1 Lat1, ...)
Instrument Altitude
Instrument Depth
Instrument Description CO was calibrated automatically using a standard gas of CO in synthetic air provided and calibrated by NOAA (Boulder, CO, USA).
Instrument 9
Site Name
Location OCEAN
Detailed Location North Atlantic Ocean (From the North sea to the Norwegian sea)
Site Longitude
Site Latitude
Site Altitude
Site Depth
Platform short Name R/V POLARSTERN
Platform long Name
Instrument short Name
Instrument long Name FLUOROMETERS
Instrument Longitude
Instrument Latitude
Network Lons/Lats (Format : lon0 lat0, Lon1 Lat1, ...)
Instrument Altitude
Instrument Depth
Instrument Description
Spatial Coverage
Southern latitude 60 degrees
Northern latitude 80 degrees
Western longitude -20 degrees
Eastern longitude 20 degrees
Minimum Altitude
Maximum Altitude
Minimum depth 0 m
Maximum depth 100 m
Paleo Temporal Coverage
Paleo Start Date
Paleo Stop Date
Eon
Era
Period
Epoch
Stage